Automatic Image Annotation using two-level Visual and Semantic Clustering

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University

2 Assistant Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering Department, Tarbiat Modares University


Automatic image annotation refers to automatically assignment of textual labels according to visual content of images. Althoughin the last decade great deal of research has been done in this area, Butbecause of numerous labels and semantic gap between the labels and the low-levelvisualfeatures, the accuracy and efficiency of these systems is reduced. In this study, an annotation method is proposed using two-level clustering based on featureswhich are reduced with genetic algorithm and as well as semantics. Clustering makes visual similar images and also semantic related images be placed next toeach otherandbe annotated. This leads to fast annotation and also has an acceptable performance for an annotation system. To evaluate the proposed method, two well-known datasets, Corel5k and IAPR TC-12 are selected. The results show acceptable performance of the proposed method in comparison with other methods.